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Resguardo Indígena Cañamomo Lomaprieta

Caldas, Colombia


The Resguardo Indígena Cañamomo Lomaprieta is one of six legally constituted indigenous resguardos (reserves) in the Caldas department of Colombia. The Resguardo is constituted of 32 Emberá-Chamí communities distributed between the municipalities of Riosucio and Supía. The territory is home to a growing population of approximately 25,000 people in an area of about 38 km2, rendering the location increasingly crowded. The Resguardo is a partner of CICADA through the Forest Peoples Programme (FPP), who have closely collaborated with the leaders of the Resguardo against intrusive large-scale mining projects in the area.

Hector Jaime Vinasco, ex-governor of Cañamomo Lomaprieta, states at CICADA’s 2016 Meeting:

Hector Jaime Vinasco speaks at an official video of the RICL. Source:
“[The Resguardo] has been quite a reduced, fractioned, and pressured territory throughout the different historical events […] by land businessmen, by land mercenaries, who have one way or another used their relations with notaries, civil registrars, statemen, to increasingly break apart the Resguardo, and today we are confronted with a painful reality of discussion with the state about colonial titles and the titles of our Resguardo. (Ha sido un territorio tambien bastante achicado, fraccionado, presionado, en los distintos momentos históricos […] por empresarios de la tierra, por mercenarios de la tierra, que han de alguna manera utilizado sus relaciones con notarios, con registradores, con gente del estado para fraccionar cada ves mas el resguardo y hoy nos vemos en una penosa realidad de discusión con el estado en relación al tema de títulos coloniales y títulos de nuestro resguardo.)


The Colombian government has approved and promoted a number of large-scale gold and other mining projects in the area to the detriment of ancestral small-scale mining practices, which were considered illegal. The entire territory of Cañamomo Lomaprieta is virtually covered in mining titles issued by the government, mostly to Canadian mining multinationals. As such, as Hector Jaime Vinasco stresses, although Colombia represents a hopeful example for indigenous protection on paper through official rights recognition, as well as progressive decisions by the Constitutional Court, the reality is much starker. “Since [the government] knows it won’t comply, it has no problem signing anything (Porque [el gobierno] sabe que no va a cumplir, entonces no tiene problema en firmar), states Vinasco as he points to the 1,202 agreements the government has failed to respect towards the country’s indigenous communities.

Members of the Resguardo Indigena Cañamomo Lomaprieta. Source:

As a result of this struggle, Vinasco has tirelessly fought for the protection of his lands against unlawful resource extraction and the fulfillment of the Resguardo’s Plan de Vida (Life Project). For his battles, and that of many other engaged inhabitants of the Resguardo, threats of violence are common occurrence.

Viviane Weitzner, policy advisor at the Forest Peoples Programme, has been involved with the Resguardo Indigena Cañamomo Lomaprieta in big part through the inter-ethnic project Joining forces, weaving strategies, supported by the Norwegian embassy and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This project brings together the members of the Resguardo with Afro-Colombian members of Palenke Alto Cauca, represented nationally by the Proceso de Comunidades Negras, with the following common goal:


“The primary objective of the project was to strengthen self-governance, territorial defense and autonomy by focusing on appropriating and implementing the right to free, prior and informed consultation and consent in all decision-making affecting ancestral territories in the Palenke and the Resguardo, specifically with regards to mining.

-Joining forces, weaving strategies


“Gold panner in the mining area called Gavia.” Source: Joining forces, weaving strategies

Thanks to international support and strengthened organization, the Resguardo has been collectively working at an institutional level to legitimize and appropriate their artisanal mining practices, standardizing them to be safer, declaring the territory of the Resguardo a no-go zone for medium and large-scale mining, and establishing the Resguardo’s official protocol on public consultation and free, prior and informed consent (FPIC). As of 2017, the Colombian Constitutional Court has recognized the rights of the Embera-Chamí of the Resguardo, as well as their right to ancestral mining activities, ordering the suspension of a number of large-scale mining projects.



(In Spanish)

Centre for Indigenous Conservation and Development Alternatives